Anna Seghers Memorial Centre
The Anna Seghers Memorial Centre in Berlin Adlershof preserves this writer’s home and study as it was during her lifetime, and presents a permanent showcase exhibition on her life and work. The Memorial Centre’s original furnishings include Anna Seghers’ extensive private library and many personal mementoes.
After the Nazi seizure of power, Anna Seghers spent fourteen years in exile, first in France and then in Mexico. She finally returned to Berlin in 1947. Born in Mainz in 1900, Anna Seghers enjoyed her first major literary success as a young writer in Berlin in the 1920s. Her return here after the end of the Second World War was largely motivated by her desire to live again in a city where she could speak her first language and write for a German-speaking audience. From 1950, she lived in Adlershof in East Berlin, initially in Altheider Straße. Five years later she and her husband Laszlo Radvanyi moved into the upper floor of a newly constructed three-storey apartment house at number 81 in Volkswohlstraße, today’s Anna-Seghers-Straße. She lived in this apartment until her death in 1983.
Zwei Plaetze gibt es in dieser mir gleichgueltig[en] Wohnung, die mich freuen, ein Eck im Fenster meines kleinen Schlafzimmers – Ruth sagt Kajuete –, ein Fenstereck, aus dem man weit raus sehn kann und sich einbilden, dahinter läge das Meer und die Schiffe oder sonst was. Und gut ist auch auf dem kleinwinzigen Balkon zu liegen, und ich guck mir abends die Voegel an, und frage mich warum sie herumfliegen und ich denke auch, dass so einen Flug die Menschen noch nicht erfunden haben. ... Und vor allem: ich kann sehr viel und hoffentlich zum Teil gut schreiben.
Anna Seghers an Lore Wolf, etwa 1972/73, Anna-Seghers-Archiv, Nr. 3752
People passing below her balcony in good weather could often hear the clatter of her typewriter. For Anna Seghers, this location, surrounded by the tops of the linden trees and so often windy, recalled writing on board ship on her Atlantic crossings. On her return voyage from her second trip to Brazil in 1963, she started her novel Überfahrt. Eine Liebesgeschichte which she finished in Adlershof in 1970-71. In a letter to her friend Wladimir Steshenski in 1956, she referred to the balcony at the front of her apartment as her ‘crow’s nest’.
After Anna Seghers’ death, her home and study were preserved as a Memorial Centre, today managed by the Akademie der Künste. Not only does the apartment still have all the original furnishings, but also Anna Seghers’ personal souvenirs from across the world including a collection of stones and sea snail shells, as well as pottery and musical instruments from Mexico. Her private library, comprising around 10,000 volumes, is especially impressive. The books, in shelves in all four rooms and the hallway, include volumes with dedications by authors from many countries who were her friends. A permanent display case exhibition shows photographs and documents illustrating the life of Anna Seghers and her family. The exhibition includes first editions of her books, such as Das siebte Kreuz which appeared in 1942 in the USA as The Seventh Cross and became a worldwide success. In addition, editions of German writers in exile published by the Querido Verlag in Amsterdam are also on show, together with Anna Seghers’ dissertation presented at Heidelberg University in 1925.
The Anna Seghers Memorial Centre is the venue for a literary event held on one evening every month organised by the not-for-profit organisation Anna-Seghers-Gesellschaft Berlin und Mainz. At these events, held in the intimate atmosphere of Anna Seghers’ former living room, authors, including Anna Seghers Prize laureates, sit in her sofa corner and read from their latest works. This pays tribute to and continues the tradition started by Anna Seghers of inviting authors from around the world to stay with her, from Brazilian writer Jorge Amado to Ilja Ehrenburg and Lew Kopelew from the Soviet Union, or the Icelandic Nobel Laureate Halldór Laxness.