Mâche studied music with Emile Passani and Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatory. He was a founder member of Pierre Schaeffer’s Groupe de Recherches Musicales (1958–1963). He also studied at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris (1955–1959), obtaining diplomas in Greek archaeology (1957) and an aggregation in letters (1958). He obtained a doctorate in musicology in 1980. A guest composer and teacher in numerous countries, he is also the author of many theoretical articles and works. Prix de la Biennale de Paris (1963), Prix Georges Enesco from the Sacem (1964), Prix Italia (1977), Prix Chartier of the Académie des Beaux Arts (1984), Grand Prix National de la Musique, Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters (1990). François-Bernard Mâche has developed an individual theory and method of composition, based on ideas of model and archetype, ideas that he has applied to many of his 70 and more works.